Senin, 14 September 2015

Best and Worst Foods for Diabetes

Diabetes and Meat and Other Protein
This category includes beef, chicken, fish, pork, turkey, seafood, beans, cheese, eggs, nuts, and tofu.

Best Choices:
·         Baked, broiled, grilled, or stewed meats
·         Lower-fat cuts of meat, such as top sirloin
·         Turkey bacon
·         Low-fat cheeses
·         Skinless breast of chicken or turkey
·         Baked, broiled, steamed, or grilled fish
·         Tofu lightly sautéed, steamed, or cooked in soup
·         Beans
·         Eggs
·         Nuts

Worst Choices:
·         Fried meats
·         Higher-fat cuts of meat, such as ribs
·         Pork bacon
·         Regular cheeses
·         Poultry with skin
·         Fried fish
·         Fried tofu
·         Beans prepared with lard
Dairy and Diabetes
This group includes milk and foods made from milk, such as yogurt and sour cream. Milk has a lot of protein and minerals, including calcium.

Best Choices:
·         1% or skim milk
·         Low-fat yogurt
·         Low-fat cottage cheese
·         Low-fat or nonfat sour cream
·         Frozen low-fat, low-carb yogurt
·         Nonfat half-and-half

Worst Choices:
·         Whole milk
·         Regular yogurt
·         Regular cottage cheese
·         Regular sour cream
·         Regular ice cream
·         Regular half-and-half
Diabetes and Fats, Oils, and Sweets
Eating too much of these kinds of foods can lead to weight gain, making it harder to keep diabetes under control.

Best Choices:
·         Baked snacks, such as baked potato chips, baked corn chips, puffed rice, or corn snacks, in small portions
·         Vegetable oils, non-hydrogenated butter spreads, margarine
·         Reduced-fat mayonnaise
·         Light salad dressings
·         Air-popped or calorie-controlled popcorn

Worst Choices:
·         Snacks fried in fat, such as potato chips, corn chips, pork rinds
·         Lard, hydrogenated vegetable shortening, butter
·         Regular mayonnaise
·         Regular salad dressings
·         Butter-flavored stove-top popcorn
Beverages and Diabetes
Some drinks have lots of carbs but very little nutrition. Others may be a better choice most of the time.

Best Choices:
·         Water, unflavored or flavored sparkling water
·         Light beer, small amounts of wine or non-fruity mixed drinks
·         Unsweetened tea (add a slice of lemon)
·         Coffee, black or with added low-fat milk and sugar substitute
·         Plain coffee and hot chocolate
·         Sport drinks, in limited quantities

Worst Choices:
·         Regular sodas
·         Regular beer, fruity mixed drinks, dessert wines
·         Sweetened tea
·         Coffee with sugar and cream
·         Flavored coffees and chocolate drinks
·         Energy drinks

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